Well-being and indoor climate play a crucial role in our habitat architecture.
While the duration of space missions are increasing, it only becomes more important for the astronaut's health and performance.
Our generation spends 90% of our time indoors. The expedition will help to discover solutions in well-being and indoor climate on Earth as well as in space. The mission is a completely closed and confined living-space, perfect for a behavioral study.
We don't have to go far away to find relevance for these studies. Most of us work indoor and we will spend a huge majority of our life inside. We strive to find a healthy countermeasures for space and Earth
The habitat is completely off-grid; almost all of it's power comes from it's solar panels. In an age where energy demands is growing, we are investigating how to create a sustainable house. The extreme reality of the Arctic or Lunar environment automatically reinforces a zero-waste and efficient cycle.
LUNARK is a platform for accelerated learning in sustainable design - solutions also applicable for Earth.
Spin-off technologies for Earth
There is a direct overlap in resource efficiency for the solutions we develop for the expedition and for the climate challenges that are pressing Earth. These are the expected results from the mission:
Space optimization strategy
Due to the claustrophobic conditions, strategically prepared interior space and zoning will be essential. This strategy can be applied directly in the built environment on Earth with the ever-increasing overcrowding. The ability to optimize space use will be important.
Healthier indoor climate
Velux estimates that we spend 90% of our time indoors. We will use the data from the expedition to map which climatic components have the greatest negative or positive effect. To understand which efforts can have the greatest effect on healthy indoor climate.
One of the biggest challenges will be heat loss. The project will provide renewed knowledge in the development of architectural components with the least possible heat loss, such as windows and walls. By using spacegrade insulating materials such as ArmaFoam we can minimize heat loss with small dimensions.
Functional nature in the home
Nature and plants will have significant effect in the monotonous Arctic. We will include plants and other living organisms to establish a connection between man and nature.
Lower water consumption
On average, we use 104 liters of water per day per person in Denmark. That's not possible on the mission. During the mission we will use 3-4 liters of water a day, with the majority going to drinking water. It requires a complete redesign of the water system as well as our behavior, without lowering living standards.
Healthy circadian rhythm
Our well-being and health in the long and short term are directly linked to our sleep. Both the Moon and Greenland experience long periods of either constant sunlight or darkness. During the mission, we are therefore forced to create an artificial circadian rhythm.
Energy neutral way of life
There is no other way to survive the expedition than to be self-sufficient with renewable energy. Our previous studies show that solar energy is the best option. The project will provide extraordinary insight into energy-efficient ways of living.
Transportable lightweight structure
One of the biggest climate sinners is transportation. Developing a new lightweight and transportable structure could have a significant impact. Furthermore, we can imagine a quality architecture for areas that are difficult to access.
Understanding architectural effects
Perhaps most important is the general understanding of which architectural tools have the greatest impact on well-being. Which elements are most missed in these dangerous circumstances? We will map them out and back them up with empirical data.